Bridges - Territories with geographical spesificities (ESPON)

About the project

ESPON BRIDGES marks the start of a new phase in the analysis of territories with geographical specificities (TGS): mountain regions, islands, sparsely populated areas and coastal areas. The focus in not on whether TGS are lagging or not, but rather how they may develop in an increasingly integrated Single Market, and more generally in a context of economic globalization. This implies enhanced exposure to international competition, deregulation and fiscal competition between countries, leading to limited public budgets. ESPON BRIDGES focuses on how ‘spatially blind’ policies, different types of market failures and path dependencies lead to a sub-optimal use of human and natural resources in TGS.

The project is running from October 2017 – April 2019.


Grétar Þór Eyþórsson, Professor, School of Business and Sciences, University of Akureyri, Iceland
Hjalti Jóhannesson, Researcher, University of Akureyri Research Centre, Iceland


Spatial Foresight GmbH, Luxemburg
UHI Perth, United Kingdom
Nordregio, Sweden
Technopolis, Paris, France
University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden
TCP-International GmbH, Germany
University of Geneva - GEDT
Osterreiches Institut fur Raumplanung (ÖIR), Austria
E-cubed, Malta
Eurac Research, Italy
WYG, Croatia
University of Cambridge, United Kingdom